Suboxone Tooth Decay Lawsuits

Suboxone is a brand-name medication containing buprenorphine and naloxone. It is used to treat opioid use disorder. Because of its effectiveness in reducing opioid cravings, it has been one of the most popular medications for addiction treatment since the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved it in 2002.

However, this sublingual medication can have alarming dental-related side effects. Recent Suboxone tooth decay lawsuits allege the drug’s manufacturer, Indivior, was aware of the problems and failed to warn prescribers and patients.

Individuals suffering from dental issues after using Suboxone are filing lawsuits against the drug’s manufacturers. Dozens of lawsuits are currently pending in multidistrict litigation in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio.

Why Are People Filing Suboxone Lawsuits?

Studies have shown that Suboxone sublingual films may contribute to tooth decay and other dental issues because of the medication’s acidic nature. Prolonged exposure to Suboxone can weaken tooth enamel and cause dental problems such as gum disease, cavities, tooth decay, and even tooth loss. These issues can be painful and require costly dental procedures, including extractions, fillings, and implants. 

Numerous studies examined the relationship between the drug’s ingredients and dental issues. A 2013 study published in The Primary Care Companion for CNS Disorders reported patients treated with buprenorphine experienced tooth decay and other dental side effects. Specifically, more than 90 percent of patients experienced some form of salivary buffering, which relates to tooth decay risk. 

research letter published in the medical journal JAMA in 2022 compared the sublingual form of buprenorphine with other forms of the medication. Researchers found that taking the medication sublingually blocks saliva production, which is necessary to reduce acidity in the mouth and keep teeth clean.

Dental Risks Associated With Suboxone

Anyone who began using Suboxone before 2022 was likely not advised of associated dental risks because the FDA didn’t issue a warning until that year. Some of the dental health problems possibly associated with Suboxone include the following:

  • Tooth decay or cavities
  • Enamel erosion
  • Fillings falling out
  • Tooth fracture
  • Gum disease
  • Dental abscesses
  • Gum recession
  • Tooth loss
  • Bone loss in the jaw

Poor oral health can also cause other adverse health consequences, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and respiratory diseases. Treatment for these issues can be costly, with additional damages mounting over time.